Archaeology Guidelines

The Archaeology Guidelines provide minimum standards and specifications by which the Ohio State Historic Preservation Office (SHPO) reviews, evaluates, and comments on archaeological work conducted for compliance with laws such as Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act and Section 149.53 of the Ohio Revised Code. These guidelines are not intended to constrain or limit research efforts to these standards. Investigators are encouraged to develop research designs and reports that exceed these standards, explore new technological approaches, and examine Ohio’s cultural history in new and creative ways. Research designs falling short of these minimum standards run the risk of delayed review or rejection of the archaeological report.

Archaeology should be recognized as a developing scientific discipline, subject to changing approaches and methods with an inherent uncertainty involved in selecting the most appropriate research and sampling techniques. Early and continued consultation with the SHPO is required as the very nature of archaeology precludes rigid mechanical approaches to the identification, evaluation, or protection of archaeological resources.

2022 Archaeology Guidelines

The Archaeology Guidelines contain the standards and specifications by which the State Historic Preservation Office reviews, evaluates, and comments on archaeological survey methods, results, recommendations, and reports, including, but not limited to:

    1. Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act
    2. The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (SMCRA)
    3. Ohio Revised Code section 149.53
    4. Historic Preservation Funding Opportunities

Download the complete Introduction section

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