OHIO’S ADENA EFFIGY PIPE: A MASTERPIECE OF AMERICAN ART
Ohio House Bill 43 and Ohio Senate Bill 33 represent the latest efforts to designate the Adena Effigy Pipe as Ohio’s official State Artifact.
In case anyone still wonders why this artifact above all others is worthy of being our state artifact, consider the following passage from an article on the Adena Pipe written by the late
Raymond S. Baby, former Curator of Archaeology for the Ohio Historical Society:
“The Adena Pipe has been a favorite with authors illustrating books on archaeology and anthropology; it even graces the jacket of the late Ralph Linton’s The Tree of Culture (1955). It has appealed particularly to historians of Indian art. Frederic H. Douglas and RenÃ© d’Harnoncourt in their Indian Art of the United States (1941) call it a ‘remarkable pipe, the finest known example of Moundbuilder culture.’ To them, as well as to others, it is reminiscent of Mexican stone carving. Le Roy H. Appleton (Indian Art of the Americas ) considers it ‘the finest known example’ of prehistoric stone sculpture north of Mexico. The Eagle, the Jaguar, and the Serpent Miguel Covarrubias, in the fullest study yet of American Indian art, (1954), refers to it on several occasions as ‘the famous Adena pipe.’ He too notes the Mexican resemblance .”
Baby, Raymond S.
1958 The Adena Pipe. Museum Echoes Volume 31, Number 2, pages 11-12. Posted March 29, 2013