Preservation Merit Award
for the preservation and rehabilitation of the Cleveland Club Building, 10660 Carnegie Avenue, Cleveland, as the Tudor Arms Hotel
Built in 1930 as the Cleveland Club Building, and located in University Circle, this impressive Tudor Revival-style structure occupies a prominent position in Cleveland’s urban landscape. It originally housed a private club on its lower floors and included large banquet rooms, a ballroom, and private dining rooms as well as two swimming pools, a bowling alley, and squash courts. From the fifth to the eleventh floors, the building housed guestrooms and was operated as a hotel. Over the years the building’s use transitioned to Case Western Reserve University student housing and later to use by the Cleveland Job Corps.
Neglect left the building exterior in need of comprehensive renovation. The corner tower was wrapped in protective netting to prevent deteriorated masonry from falling to the street. Historic wood windows had been altered to provide openings for window air conditioners. A $22 million-dollar rehabilitation project was undertaken by MRN Development and City Architecture that turned the building into a 157-room hotel, restaurant and bookstore. It was aided financially from new markets tax credits and state and federal historic preservation tax credits.
Original wood windows, including 280 leaded-glass units, were restored and in some cases partially or completely re-made. The masonry was repointed, cleaned, and repaired throughout. An incongruous entry canopy dating to the early 1960's was re-clad to better blend with the building, incorporating new lighting to welcome hotel guests.
Interior spaces were reconfigured to accommodate modern hotel requirements but original ornamental millwork, plaster ceiling detailing, and carved stone were retained and repaired throughout including entrances, lobby spaces, meeting rooms and stairs as well as the soaring two-story Tudor Dining Room and Crystal Ballroom spaces. A new elevator was carefully inserted to accommodate accessibility without detracting from the original stonework and historic stairs at the main entrance.
On upper floors, new hotel room configurations were designed to maintain and restore the character of the remaining original hotel corridors. Layouts were carefully fit to re-use existing walls and chases to the greatest extent possible. The result not only preserved the historic plan of the building, but did so economically so that the building could be constructed on budget and funds could be strategically focused on the restoration of the other grand features of the building.
Sustainable design and energy efficiency were integral to this project's design. A notable feature is the use of a variable refrigerant HVAC system. This innovative mechanical system had not previously been applied to a project of this scale in the region, and substantially surpasses the efficiency of many alternative systems previously used in similar projects. This system has a small interior footprint that aids in the retention of historic fabric by minimizing alterations necessary to accommodate its installation. Water-efficient plumbing fixtures were used in guestrooms and public areas and high performance lighting was incorporated throughout.
Rehabilitation of the Cleveland Club Building as the Tudor Arms Hotel preserves a highly visible landmark that had an uncertain future. It maintains the character of the streetscape at a significant intersection and brings in visitors and meeting attendees, allowing thousands of people to directly experience Cleveland's rich history. The project firmly establishes the value of preservation's contribution to the urban landscape in a neighborhood whose character is changing rapidly.
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